Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Looking Into The Purpose And Advantage Of Bariatric Surgery

By Phyllis Schroeder

Obesity is a condition in which there is an accumulation of excess fat in the body, to the extent where it may significantly affect the health and day to day activities of the individual. It can lead to increased health problems and even reduced life expectancy. This means that obese individuals may encounter higher possibilities of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, etc.

According to the 2010 data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, there are more than 2 in 3 adults in the US that are recognized as overweight or obese. The American Medical Association then categorized it as a chronic disease in 2013. Professionals understand how difficult it is for some patients to treat obesity with exercise and diet alone, and so the best decision for them would be to undergo surgery after all other options have been exhausted. New Jersey bariatric surgery requires that this be offered only when the patients have a BMI ranging from 35 to 40 without comorbidities or 30 to 35 if they have comorbidities.

Historically, a large weight was highly regarded as a symbol of wealth and fertility, and it still holds true in other parts of the world. Much of the modern world stigmatizes it though. Aside from being regarded as a chronic disease, in 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled morbid obesity as a disability due to reasons that if it prevents the individual from engaging fully in his professional life, the employer should see it as a disability and that firing him on such grounds is discriminatory.

Weight gain results from energy imbalance or when the amount of calorie intake is greater than the amount used or burned through bodily activities. Factors like genes, eating habits, culture, geography, moods, lifestyle, and income can lead to energy imbalance and weight gain. Solutions however are more focused on eliminating excess food consumption and increasing physical activity.

Certain individuals become obese because of a mix of reasons like genetic makeup and an unhealthy eating habit. One way to effectively shed those excess fats is an operation called bariatric surgery which is popular in Englewood, NJ. Individuals who have done all they could to lose fat deposits can now opt for this safe and painless procedure.

Doctors always remind patients that surgery is a big and serious decision to make. They educate them about the surgery, the risks, the benefits, and the possible effects of the treatment. Physicians also instruct them on what to expect regarding post operative changes.

There are different techniques to this procedure, and one of them is the reduction of the stomach size through the use of a removable gastric band or a Lap Band. Another technique is by removing a portion of the stomach and is called a gastric bypass. The doctor can also redirect the small intestines to a tiny stomach bag called Laparoscopic Roux en Y.

In the end, there is no definite method, even surgery, to produce and maintain weight loss. Some patients after the operation feel that the amount lost did not meet their goals, while others regained over some time. The amount of regained weight may differ by the degree of obesity and type of surgery.

For success to be achieved, patients must also commit to lifelong healthy eating and physical activity. They also need to change their habits and continue visiting for medical followup their whole lives. Healthcare professionals can help patients adjust to the physical and emotional changes so that the transformation will be more fulfilling and lasting.

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