Friday, July 18, 2014

Sickle Cell Disease Prevention In The Affected Areas

By Coleen Torres

Sickle cell disease is a major concern especially in most of sub-Saharan Africa. This complication has no proven cure to curb it. However, there are precautions which managed properly would result into a patient living longer. Sickle cell disease prevention can be done through several means. Major departments in the world have taken responsibility over the matter by some giving primary prevention through general public awareness as well as counselling.

This particular disease is a genetic blood disorder affecting the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. It cause complications as well as recurrent pain. The two on the other side can severely interfere with several aspects of the victim life which includes employment, education and psychological development. Therefore, it is very important to have early screening to reduce the effects.

In Mediterranean basin, part of Saudi Arabia and some part of Africa as well as people who have equatorial origins there is much spreading of this particular trait at high rate. An example is the some part of the African continent where affected persons are those ideally living in areas of between latitudes of 15 degrees north and 20 degrees south. Ten percent to forty percent is the population experiencing this sickness in several areas.

Controlling this disease has not been easy to either the affected individuals or the doctors who are working day and night. The existence of national programs put in place to control the sickle cell sickness has helped much and should therefore be strengthened. The set programs to control this illness are under the framework of national programs for preventing and controlling non-communicable diseases.

By setting of sickle cell screening and genetic counselling programs especially in the affected countries, the disease is controlled. The sickness ought to be identified in prenatal stages which involves the screening program. Counseling, health and the above mentioned services should be made available to the affected areas as well as countries. There is raising of ethical and cultural issues from diagnosis of this illness.

Genetic counselling and screening helps in reducing the number of children born with the trait. There is much emphasize on management of this disease at different levels health care. This is because the health cares tend to use affordable and simple technology therefore making the services available to the larger community.

It is important to train people who should diagnose, prevent and manage it in the health cares. They also tasked in providing them with the basic requirements. It is again good to involve families and community based cares in this program. They play a huge raising of awareness to others and disseminating the necessary requirements.

To conclude, partnership between health professionals, parents and patients should be strengthened. This partnership tend to facilitate the identification of genetic risks in the affected communities, record the family diseases history and create awareness among the people.

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