Monday, December 8, 2014

How Gastric Bypass Surgery In Mexico Is Done

By Christa Jarvis

Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into two sections, which are then reconnected to the small intestine. The stomach is divided into one smaller and one bigger portion. Currently the reconnection of the small intestine is done through various methods. Gastric bypass surgery in Mexico has been developed into various variants suitable for different applications.

This procedure is suggested for people suffering from morbid obesity. People settle for it when they are unable to control their obese situation through normal methods such as dietary efforts and exercise. It is a last option recommended when obesity has proved to be life threatening or causing adverse effects on the quality of life. Obesity that is treated using this method is normally one in which one weighs 100 pounds more than the ideal body weight according to life insurance companies.

Morbid obesity is corrected by gastric bypass surgery through two major effects. The first effect is through the reduction of the total volume of stomach that is functional. Reduced functional stomach volume reduces the amount of food that can be held and digested by the stomach. With reduced digestion, absorption is also reduced hence the overall body weight.

The other resultant effect achieved through this procedure is the alteration of the response to food given by the stomach. Patients who recently underwent the procedure feel different after consuming food. A feeling of satiety is felt after taking a small quantity of food. This feeling may stay for over a few weeks but gradually fades away as stomach pouches enlarge to hold more substance. Obesity rarely comes in again after one has undergone the operation.

There are three main variants of the process, that is, proximal, distal, and mini gastric bypass. The commonest of all is the proximal variant. It is widely performed in the United States than any other variant currently in use. In the year 2008, over 200, 000 people underwent this procedure to correct morbid obesity. The small intestine is rearranged into a Y-configuration to allow food from small stomach pouch to flow through a Roux limb.

In the distal variant, the Y-connection is moved down the gastrointestinal tract reducing the total surface area available for absorption of food. The smaller absorption surface area is traded for increased efficiency in the absorption process. The absorption of fats, starches, certain minerals, and vitamins that are soluble in fats is highly impeded. This impeded absorption of minerals leads to a constant loss in weight over time.

This procedure is not complication-free. At times people have to stay for months in hospital receiving treatment after they have undergone the operation. Others succumb to death immediately or within weeks. Pre-existing health conditions like obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, and diebetes mellitus seem to be a major contributing factor to mortality rate.

Complications may occur immediately during operation or later on. Mortally tends to increase over time with most cases being observed during the first thirty days. When seeking to undergo this procedure, it is advisable to go for a surgeon with a lot of experience in this field.

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