Wednesday, February 5, 2014

What You Need To Know About Bikini Hip Replacement

By Nelda Powers

Bikini hip replacement is a form of anterior approach in of hip replacement that is very minimally invasive muscle sparing procedure that is able to preserve muscles and tendons. This means that muscles and tendons do not need to be cut and repaired later like in the other traditional methods. It is done through an incision of bikini line allowing for a scar that is cosmetically pleasing given that it is hidden in the groin. The time required for recovery is also reduced.

The procedure has been in practice for many years particularly in Europe with high rate of success. With the revolution in technology particularly in the field of medicine, new techniques and equipment have been developed allowing for much smaller incisions as compared to the traditional methods of lateral, posterior and anterolateral approaches.

It is good for the majority of patients who are in need for hip replacement surgeries. Those with degenerative arthritis with hip joints affected are the major category that requires this procedure. This arthritis is normally very painful reducing mobility and other normal body functioning. After a successful surgery, this pain should be eliminated and normal mobility resumed. It is often like acquiring new hips for the majority of patients.

In case you are very obese or very muscular, this procedure may not work regardless of the surgeon experience and training. For this reason, a number of surgeons will opt for tendon sparing. This is a modified approach which gives a patient to recover and be able to walk just 3-4 hours after the surgery procedure.

In complex revision hip surgery, the traditional procedure of posterior hip replacement is recommendable as the former is much difficult. All other patients who require hip replacement however qualifies for this procedure.

The anterior bikini cut procedure has several advantages over the traditional methods. These include less pain after operation, no cutting of muscles hence less pain, minimal blood loss, less muscle weakness, mobilization and general recovery is faster. In addition to this, the scar is hidden in the groin, the dislocation risk is less and time for discharge earlier. It is also possible to drive just 9 days after the procedure.

The common prosthesis used include the replacement of acetabulum in case it is won out with acetabular components made of very durable bearing surfaces which may be plastic or ceramic. In case the femur (thigh bone) head is worn, it is replaced with either a ball or socket or both. These are femoral components normally made of metals or ceramics. Most surgeons are however running away from metal-on-metal types of implants due to concerns raised about high metal ion levels resulting from them.

The surgery process begins with an injection with a local anesthesia which normally numbs the body part being operated on. This will reduce pain during and after the operation process. It also reduces other side effects like nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and pains, swelling and soreness.

Other complications that might arise with bikini hip replacement include loosening of prosthesis, limp length discrepancy, bleeding, infections and blood clot. In the hands of an experienced surgeon, most of these complications should not arise.

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